Sunday 19 April 2020

Restoring Possibly the Most Famous Lancia in the World

Classic and vintage restoration specialist, Thornley Kelham, has revealed the full story behind its restoration of possibly the most famous Lancia in the world. 

For years, a fabled competition Lancia Aurelia B20GT with impeccable racing heritage and a unique lowered roofline was thought to have been lost forever. 

But, following a chance encounter in a storage facility in Southend, the Thornley Kelham team’s journey to return one of the most famous Lancias to its former glory began.

The car was bought new in 1951 by Giovanni Bracco, a wealthy privateer and associate of Gianni Lancia himself, and took the racing world by storm just days after it left the factory. 

That year, within 3 months it placed 2nd overall at the Mille Miglia, 1st at the Caracalla Night Race and 1st in class at Le Mans 24 Hours. 

Later that year it would go on to win the Pescara 6 Hour Race, also with Giovanni Bracco at the wheel. 

Most intriguingly, though, was this car’s lowered roofline which period news reports reveal was an exercise undertaken by Lancia itself to help improve aerodynamics.

The car lined up at 1951’s Carrera Panamericana with its newly lowered roofline, but Bracco crashed out of the race on Day 4 while in a strong position. 

The following year, it headed back to the Panamericana with a new driver at the wheel. Mexican architect, Paredo, had bought the car from Bracco, rebuilt it and went on to finish 9th in class at the gruelling 2,000-mile border-to-border race in Mexico. 

 From there, the car’s history is scarce and it was thought to have been lost for years, until it was found in the USA.

Simon Thornley got wind of this discovery through an industry colleague, Mark Donaldson , as the car was in the process of being shipped from the States to Italy, entering the EU via the UK. 

And so it was, in a bonded warehouse in Southend, that Simon tentatively began the investigation into whether or not this really could be one of the most famous Lancias in the world. 

The engine and chassis plates seemed correct, filled in holes in the bonnet matched up to bonnet straps fitted in period and a lever next to the passenger seat seemed to fit with an internal system for adjusting the rear suspension, which was said to have been fitted to this car.

Underneath the peeling white paint, the hump back rear – grafted on at some point in its life – and the rust, all signs pointed to the fact that this was indeed B20-1010: the very same car that dominated Europe’s rally scene in the summer of 1951. 

Now, in partnership with its owner, Thornley Kelham’s challenge was to restore this car back to the condition in which it lined up at the 1951 Carrera Panamericana with Bracco at the wheel, preserving as much of its originality as possible.

Back at Thornley Kelham’s restoration facility in the Cotswolds, the team set about learning as much about this car as possible. The rear was puzzling; this car certainly had a lowered roof but it had also been extensively re-profiled to give a beetle-like appearance; very hump-backed and with bulging sides. 

The rear screen looked wrong, and the boot lid was not an Aurelia item. Likewise, the boot floor was incorrect with a non-Aurelia fuel tank, and the whole interior was covered with a very thick coating of underseal. 

It was clear that the rear end of the car was an Americanisation - a late 1950s/early'60s 'lead sled'conversion. The rear screen, boot and part of the rear wings of an unknown car had been skillfully grafted onto the B20GT.

The whole rear had to be removed and a new one was crafted by the Thornley Kelham team to specifications gleaned from 3D scanning and fibreglass moulds. 

The metalwork team were also responsible for making the body structurally sound, salvaging what they could of the original and strengthening where necessary. With most of the original floor missing, this was no mean feat. 

Getting the profile just right was a huge part of the project, and the car was only prepared for paint once it had been given the blessing of a panel of Lancia experts.

Painting this famous Aurelia was set to be a daunting process, but the team agreed that it should emulate the history of the car as much as possible. B20-1010 was black in period but – as was traditional for Italian cars – painted red for its outing at Le Mans before being painted black again for its Carrera Panamericana debut. 

So, the Thornley Kelham team set about painting it black, then red and then black again. With the final coat applied, the signwriting was entrusted to Mark Amis who perfectly recreated the original car’s Panamericana look using period black and white images and extensive research of the brand logos to match colours.

Much of the interior was unrecognisable, but careful research eventually led the team to the discovery that this Aurelia was fitted with Lancia Ardea seats in period. Using images from its race at the Carrera Panamericana, Rob O’Rourke began the process of perfectly retrimming the interior to its original specification.

Taking into account the extensive bodywork, interior trimming, mechanical restorations and paintwork, the Thornley Kelham team spent well over 4,000 hours and more than three years restoring the ex-Bracco Aurelia B20GT. Not only was it a passion for the team, but it also led to the creation of Thornley Kelham’s limited-edition Aurelia ‘Outlaw’. 

The one-of-nine cars each feature a lowered roofline, like the Bracco car, but come with a number of bespoke upgrades, including a bored-out fuel-injected Flaminia engine, modern disc brakes and nitrogen-filled front suspension. Each car is designed – both inside and out – to the exact wishes of its owner. 

Simon Thornley, co-founder of Thornley Kelham, said: 
“The restoration of this ex-Bracco Aurelia B20 GT was a very special moment for our business. Its discovery was a real spine-tingling revelation, and restoring it clearly came with huge responsibility.
“With the input of a number of high-profile Lancia experts, the generosity of enthusiasts all over the world, the dedication of its owner and the talents of our team in the Cotswolds, we are proud to have preserved an enormously important piece of Lancia history.
“Decades of modifications and misuse made this perhaps one of the most difficult restorations we’ve ever done, but the Bracco story is infectious, and now it’s available for enthusiasts the world over to enjoy once more.”

 About Thornley Kelham

Founded in 2009, Thornley Kelham Ltd is a specialist in concours restoration, maintenance, servicing, rally preparation and support of iconic vintage and classic cars. From its Cotswold headquarters, the team of 36 manage, restore and prepare examples of collector cars for global concours and motorsport events from a state-of-the-art 32,000 sq/ft facility.

With in-house bodywork, paint, engine and fabrication shops, Thornley Kelham is widely regarded for the quality of its restorations of historically significant, often unique vehicles across a variety of marques including Alfa Romeo, Aston Martin, Bentley, BMW, Ferrari, Lancia, Lamborghini, Mercedes-Benz, Rolls-Royce and Porsche as well as Amilcar, Bizzarrini and others.

Its prize-winning restorations are frequently shown at top-tier concours such as Pebble Beach, the 'Royal Concours' at Hampton Court Palace, Chantilly and Salon Privé, while a dedicated motorsport team supports clients at rally events worldwide including the Mille Miglia, Tour Auto, Targa Florio and Peking to Paris.

Thornley Kelham strives to create an enjoyable, informative and collaborative restoration process for the customer, with customer service as important as the restoration itself.

Thornley Kelham is also well known for the creation of the limited-edition, bespoke ‘Outlaw’ Lancia Aurelia B20GT project, details of which can be found at

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